Audio Spectrum Visualizer Using Arduino & Matrix Display

Almost all of us have expensive or cheap music systems in our homes. Most musical concerts, festivals and nightclubs are accompanied by fancy disco lights to show visual effects according to music rhythm. So, I planned to build my own Audio Spectrum Visualizer that reacts to music or audio. For this, I used Arduino Nano as the main heart of this project, and 32×8 Dot Matrix Display, and a sound sensor.

The individual LEDs on the Dot Matrix Display will react according to the Analog audio signals that Arduino Nano receives through the sound sensor that is connected to its Analog pin. Arduino has a built-in ADC (Analog to Digital converter) input pin which can receive the Analog audio signals from the sound sensor and convert it to a digital signals.

Some days ago I have built a Music Reactive LED System Using ESP32 and WLED. You can also check this out.

Project

Audio Spectrum Visualizer

Circuit Diagram

Audio Spectrum Visualizer Circuit Diagram

Components Required

  • Arduino Nano
  • MAX7219 Dot Matrix Display Module (8×32)
  • Sound Sensor
  • Connection Wires
  • Breadboard
  • 5 Volt Power Supply

About Parts of the Wireless Notice Board

Dot Matrix Display

LED matrices are available in the market in different colours like single colour, dual colour, and RGB colour. They are also available in different dimensions like 5×7, 8×8, 16×16, 8×32, 32×32, and more.

8x8-LED-Matrix-Display

This 8×32 LED Matrix Display is a multitude of 4 single Matrix Displays which are internally connected. These displays also have the ability to separate from each other, as every module carries the same Maxim MAX7219 chip, and can be connected with the same power and data connection. That’s why if any of the single displays get damaged, they will be easily replaceable.

8x32-Dot-Matrix-Display

MAX7219 LED Driver Chip

This Matrix Displays can be driven in two ways. One is a parallel way where the parallel data is sent to each row or column. The second one is the serial way where the data is sent serially and an IC is used to convert this serial data into parallel data.

MAX7219-Dot-Matrix-LED-Driver-IC

MAX7219 is a common cathode display driver with serial input and parallel output. It is used to interface microprocessors and microcontrollers with 64 individual LEDs. The 8×8 LED matrix is connected to the MAX 7219. The data input is received from the Arduino board to the MAX7219.

Audio Spectrum Visualizer Circuit Connection

The complete circuit connection for interfacing the 32×8 LED Dot Matrix Display and sound sensor with Arduino Nano is described below.

Both the Dot Matrix Display and sound sensor are using 5V power supply from the Arduino Nano 5V output pin. But you can use an external power source for better current supply. The Analog data pin of the sound sensor is connected to the A0 pin of the Arduino Nano.

Now, come to the Dot Matrix Display part. Connect the VCC and ground pin of the display module to the +5V and ground pin of the Arduino Nano respectively. Also, connect the DIN, CS, and CLK pins to the D11, D10, and D13 of the Arduino Nano.

Arduino Code

To compile this code, you have to have to install these two libraries into your Arduino IDE.

arduinoFFT.h

MD_MAX72xx.h

You can find these in Sketch > Include Library >Manage Libraries > click on the search bar type these and install.

#include <arduinoFFT.h>#include <MD_MAX72xx.h>#include <SPI.h>MD_MAX72XX disp = MD_MAX72XX(MD_MAX72XX::FC16_HW, 10, 4);arduinoFFT FFT = arduinoFFT();double realComponent[64];double imagComponent[64];int spectralHeight[] = {0b00000000, 0b10000000, 0b11000000,                        0b11100000, 0b11110000, 0b11111000,                        0b11111100, 0b11111110, 0b11111111                       };int index, c, value;void setup(){  disp.begin();  Serial.begin(9600);}void loop(){  int sensitivity = map(analogRead(A6), 0, 1023, 50, 100);  Serial.println (analogRead(A6));  for (int i = 0; i < 64; i++)  {    realComponent[i] = analogRead(A0) / sensitivity;    imagComponent[i] = 0;  }  FFT.Windowing(realComponent, 64, FFT_WIN_TYP_HAMMING, FFT_FORWARD);  FFT.Compute(realComponent, imagComponent, 64, FFT_FORWARD);  FFT.ComplexToMagnitude(realComponent, imagComponent, 64);  for (int i = 0; i < 32; i++)  {    realComponent[i] = constrain(realComponent[i], 0, 80);    realComponent[i] = map(realComponent[i], 0, 80, 0, 8);    index = realComponent[i];    value = spectralHeight[index];    c = 31 - i;    disp.setColumn(c, value);  }}

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